Tanning It belongs to the family Fabaceae, which is the third largest woody plant family in southern Africa. The bark is used to treat dysentery and bacterial infections of the skin, such as leprosy. The bark is used as a good luck charm and it is used medicinally, mixed with dried roots to treat malaria and to treat fevers and eye complaints and the bark is rolled into small balls and chewed for a cough and sore throat. In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. Gum. T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. The first species ever discovered … [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. Camel Thorn. [9], Butterflies recorded as feeding on Vachellia xanthophloea in Kenya included the Kikuyu ciliate blue (Anthene kikuyu), Pitman's hairtail (Anthene pitmani), common ciliate blue (Anthene definita), African babul blue (Azanus jesous), Victoria's bar (Cigaritis victoriae) and common zebra blue (Leptotes pirithous). Related plants. The timber is used to make poles and posts. George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and … (Pea, bean or legume family). Dracaena aletriformis is not in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. Acacia has been used in medicines, baking ingredients, tools, and woodwork for centuries. The wood is hard and heavy and is used as timber and the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. Our research also aimed at evaluating whether … 189. The common name, fever tree, comes from its tendency to grow in swampy areas: early European settlers in the region noted that malarial fever was contracted in areas with these trees. The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. The common nickname for this strain of Acacia came from the historic use of the plant when treating fevers. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and … This is an ecologically and economically important species as almost all of its parts, including bark, pods, seeds, leaves and thorns, are extremely useful to both … Medicinal Use & Construction. Common names: Fever tree, Fever-tree Acacia, Koorsboom, Sulphur bark. For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Spreading with a High … Medicinal properties Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria. It can fix Nitrogen. MEDICINAL: The powdered roots and stem are used to treat fevers, headaches (the bark contains traces of quinine) and eye infections. The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets (8 mm × 2 mm (0.3 in × 0.1 in)). RSA Tree No. Uses Gum arabic. The main stems and larger branches are used to fence out hippo from fields on the Pongola flood plain and the timber is reputed to be used for boxwood. Astringents are often used medicinally - taken internally, for example. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. Acacia xanthophloea (Fever tree, Sulfur bark, African thorn tree) is a spiny medium-sized tree, erect, with an open crown that reaches a height of 25 m and a diameter of 60 cm at breast height. 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